Skin Pigmentation Causes & Treatment


Skin is just like the humans who wear it: it is not perfect. If everything went as planned, the body would produce just enough skin pigment, but that is not the case. Skin pigmentation disorders are conditions that cause the skin to appear lighter (hypopigmentation) or darker (hyperpigmentation) than normal, or blotchy and discoloured.

What are the common types of skin hyperpigmentation disorders?

Skin hyperpigmentation can occur as early as at birth in the form of birthmark like cafe au lait spots, becker’s nevus, mongolian spots and moles.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation of the skin commonly caused by acne, eczema, trauma, burns and drug reactions can leave blemishes as a result of excessive melanin production.

Exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays is responsible for many hyperpigmentary disorders namely the freckles and lentigines. They are by far the most prevalent form of pigmentation that we see.

Another very common hyperpigmentary disorder of perhaps the greatest cosmetic concern is melasma. The onset of melasma is usually between the age of 35 to 40 and affecting mainly females. Its occurrence is strongly associated with pregnancy and women on hormonal pills. The pathogenesis is unknown, but genetic or hormonal influences with ultraviolet exposure are important.

Clinical Treatments

RevLite Laser

The Revlite system is designed to remove signs of aging and sun damage such as brown age spot and freckles. It is also effective in treating deeper pigment problems, including melasma. A combination of laser therapy and skincare prescription products can manage the condition very well. RevLite requires no downtime, is fast and almost painless.

Broadband Light Therapy (BBL)

BBL Photofacial treatment is an effective procedure for age spot removal, as well as balancing uneven pigmentation and reducing the appearance of freckles. It can be done on many areas of the body including face, hands, arms and neck. Its light energy will gently be absorbed by the unwanted melanin responsible for pigmented lesions in the upper layers of the skin. Over the next few days the pigmented lesions will darken and fall off.

Cosmelan Peel

Brown patches, melasma or skin discolorations are a consequence of many factors such as sun exposure, aging, hormonal fluctuation due to pregnancy or menopause and trauma to the skin such as acne. Cosmelan Treatment is a cosmetic method that provides an overall brightening and luminosity effect on the skin. It is an effective combination of professional treatment and home maintenance for complete success.

MicroLaserPeel – Laser resurfacing

MicroLaserPeel removes a thin layer of old skin to improve texture and provide a more youthful appearance. It provides superior results because it can be administered with great precision of depth. Pigmented lesions can be removed by full-face or spot-treat superficial resurfacing. The result is healthier-looking skin, often with reduced wrinkles and improved color evenness.

Fractional Laser

Fractional Laser work through a modification of traditional laser resurfacing. Treatments affect not the whole skin but instead only evenly spaced spots surrounded by undamaged skin. Healing is much faster than traditional resurfacing, with less “downtime” afterward. Several treatments are needed to achieve full benefit.

Topical Applications

Celevenus Whitening Series

CeleVenus Whitening Series is specially formulated with Vitamin C and Chamomile for women who want radiant bright skin with fast result. This effective formula prevents and reduces pigmentation on skin. It hydrates, rejuvenates and whitens skin in just 3 simple steps.

Celevenus UV Defense 90 & 40

Celevenus UV Defense 40 is a non-greasy gel based sebum control gel sunscreen with SPF 40 that can effectively protects skin from sun damages such as pigmentation, skin aging, wrinkles and fine lines. Celevenus UV Defense 90 is perfect for the daily prevention of photo-aging and sun damage, great to apply after clinical procedures such as Skin Laser, Laser Resurfacing and Microdermabrasion to protect the sensitive skin after treatment.

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